Fort de Kock dan Perang Padri

Aku masih memandangi Rumah Kelahiran Bung Hatta itu dari trotoar Jalan Soekarno Hatta, Bukan tak rela meninggalkannya, tetapi aku terus berfikir bagaimana sebuah tim kerja membangun replika rumah itu dengan persisnya karena rumah aslinya sudahlah runtuh pada 1962 silam.

Melangkah kembali menuju arah semula datang, aku berbelok ke Jalan Pemuda setelah melewati Banto Trade Centre. Kaki ini masih kuat ketika dihadapkan pada jalan yang panjang meliuk, rela ku menyusurinya karena mata dimanjakan dengan bentangan sawah nan hijau dan arsitektur khas atap gonjong yang menghiasi bangunan-bangunan resmi milik pemerintah.

Atap gonjong di SDN 14 ATTS (Aur Tajungkang Tengah Sawah).
Taman Monumen BDB, simbol perlawanan rakyat menentang kolonialisme Belanda pada 15 Juni 1908.
Atap gonjong di RSUD Dr. Achmad Mochtar.

Sepertinya perjalananku akan memutar dan semakin mendaki, kakiku sudah tak sanggup lagi setelah lima hari sebelumnya selalu mengandalkannya untuk bereksplorasi di tanah Sumatera.

Sudah saatnya memanggil transportasi online untuk mencapai gerbang depan Fort De Kock. Tak sampai lima menit menunggangnya, aku menanjaki Bukit Jirek dan tiba di gerbang depan benteng.

Wekom in Fort De Kock”…..

Gerbang benteng.

Melewati gerbang, rumah makan Family Benteng Indah adalah penyambut pertama, lalu diteruskan oleh konter penjualan tiket. Walau aku mengunjungi Fort de Kock, namun wisata yang tertulis di dalam tiket adalah Taman Marga Satwa dan Budaya Kinantan dengan harga tertera Rp. 15.000.

Konter penjualan tiket.

Setelah melewati titik pemeriksaan tiket, kios pedagang makanan berderet di sisi kanan. Lalu sebuah kandang merpati endemik China jenis Junai Mas diletakkan di ujungnya. Setelahnya, aku baru bisa melihat bentuk asli benteng itu.

Itu dia wujud benteng mungil Fort de Kock.

Benteng Fort De Kock didirikan oleh Kapten Bauer sebagai kubah pertahanan Pemerintah Hindia Belanda dalam menghadapi perlawanan rakyat dalam Perang Padri yang dipimpin oleh Tuanku Imam Bonjol. Perang ini sendiri meletus di seperempat pertama Abad ke-19. Ketika itu Boan Hendrick Markus de Kock menjadi komandan Der Troepen sekaligus Wakil Gubernur Jenderal Pemerintah Hindia Belanda. Dari sinilah nama “Fort de Kock” berasal.

Meriam kuno tahun 1800-an di empat sudut benteng.

Bangunan utama benteng yang tak lebih dari 400 meter persegi ini terlihat kecil tapi sangat kuat secara fisik dan strategi. Secara bentuk fisik, banteng ini memiliki ketebalan dinding yang bagus dan secara strategis, benteng ini tangguh karena terletak tepat di puncak bukit, memudahkan siapapun mengamati gerak-gerik musuh di sekitar.

Lihat bagaimana tebalnya dinding benteng.
Lantai dua atau atap banteng.

Aku mencoba terus membayangkan bagaimana hebatnya sepak terjang Tuanku Imam Bonjol dalam memimpin kaum Padri melawan Kolonialisme Belanda. Hingga Belanda harus membangun benteng ini untuk mengamankan kekuasaannya dari rongrongan pemimpin karismatik itu.

Taman dilihat dari atas banteng.

Fort de Kock and Padri War

I was still staring at Bung Hatta Birth House from sidewalk of Soekarno Hatta Street, not willing to leave it, but I kept thinking about how a work team built a replica of that house precisely because the original house had collapsed in 1962 ago.

Stepping back towards the direction which I originally came, I turned onto Pemuda Street after passing through Banto Trade Center. My legs were still strong when faced with a swerving long road, I was willing to follow it because my eyes were spoiled with a stretch of green rice fields and typical “Gonjong” roof architecture which adorns official government buildings.

“Gonjong” roof in State Primary School 14 ATTS (Aur Tajungkang Tengah Sawah).
BDB Monument Park, a symbol of people resistance against Dutch colonialism on 15 June 1908.
“Gonjong” roof in Regional Public Hospital Dr. Achmad Mochtar.

Looked like my trip would rotate and increasingly climb, my legs were no longer able after five days before always rely on it to explore Sumatra Island.

It was time to called online transportation to reach Fort de Kock front gate. In less than five minutes of riding it, I climbed Jirek Hill and arrived at fort front gate.

Wekom in Fort De Kock”…..

Fort gate.

Past the gate, “Family Benteng Indah” restaurant was the first greeter, then forwarded by ticket sales counter. Even though, I visited Fort de Kock, the venue which was written on ticket was Wildlife Cultural Park Kinantan with its price listed about USD 1.1.

Ticket sales counter.

After passing ticket check point, food stalls stood in line on right side. Then a cage of an endemic Chinese pigeon type “Junai Mas” was placed at its end. After that, I could see original shape of the fort.

There it is the form of a small fortress “Fort de Kock”.

Fort Fort Kock was established by Captain Bauer as dome of Dutch East Indies Government in facing of people resistance in Padri War which was led by Tuanku Imam Bonjol. This war itself erupted in first quarter of 19th Century. At that time, Boan Hendrick Markus de Kock was the commander of Der Troepen and Deputy Governor General of Dutch East Indies Government. This is where the name “Fort de Kock” originated.

An ancient cannon from year 1800s at four corners of the fort.

The main building of the fort which is no more than 400 square meters looks small but is very strong physically and strategically. In physical form, this fort has a good wall thickness. And strategically, the fort is tough because it is located right at hill top, making it easy for anyone to observe all movements of enemy around.

See how thick the fort walls are.
Second floor or fort roof.

I tried to continue to imagine how great Tuanku Imam Bonjol actions in leading Padri people against Dutch Colonialism. Until Netherlands had to build this fort to secure its power from threat of this charismatic leader.

Park is seen from above fort.